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The Effects of Leisure Activity Programs on the Ego-identity and Self-esteem of High School Students with Intellectual Disabilities

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2010, 11(2), pp.69-91
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

서지훈 1 Jinsook Shin 2

1내동중학교
2창원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to develop leisure activity programs to improve the ego-identity and self-esteem of students with intellectual disabilities who attend special education schools and to find out the effects of the programs on ego-identity and self-esteem of students with intellectual disabilities. The objects of the study are 20 high school students with intellectual disabilities who attend H special school and have from moderate to mild mental retardation. The study results are as follows. First, the degree of change of ego-identity of experimental group which participated in leisure activity program is significantly improved compared to that of control group. Looking at sub-areas, in every 6 areas(independence, self-receptiveness, firm future goals, goal-orientation, intimacy), experimental group shows significant improvement than control group. Second, the degree of change of self-esteem of experimental group which participated in leisure activity program is significantly improved compared to that of control group. Looking at sub-areas, in 3 areas(comprehensive self-esteem, social self-esteem, home self-esteem) among 4 areas, experimental group shows significant improvement than control group. However, there is no significant difference in school self-esteem. In conclusion, the study results indicate that leisure activity programs developed in the study have positive effects on the ego-identity and self-esteem of students with intellectual disabilities.

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