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Current state and strategies for improvement of establishing a multi-diciplinary supporting system for the underachieved

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2011, 12(4), pp.581-611
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

김용욱 1 김지화 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research is to propose learning improvement strategy for the underachieved by looking into the factors of initiating a multi-disciplinary supporting system consisting of establishment of “Prevention-Diagnosis-Management” system, provision of individualized learning programs, enhancement of teacher’s active interest and guidance, and connection with community. To perform the research, focused group interviews were conducted on total of 18 people from elementary schools in Busan: 4 staff from elementary creative school for learning improvement, 7 instructors and 7 parents. Data analysis was carried out and the collected data was divided into transcription, coding, categorization, and conceptualization. Strategies for learning improvement were devised. The learning improvement strategy consists of the follows. First, in order to establish the Prevention-Diagnosis-Management system for the underachieved, well-organized regular classes, appropriate assessments, and thorough record of learning history will be necessary. Second, to establish individualized learning program, utilizing of intern teachers as learning assistant while conducting pair activities must be initiated to enhance learning motivation and academic performance. Third, to enhance teacher’s active interest and guidance, it is necessary to build trust between students and teachers and utilize appropriate curriculum, which reflects the reality of schools and meets the requirement of local communities, accompanied by teachers’ accountability. Forth, to establish connection with the community, it is necessary to empower the individual schools. Both parents and teachers should be clearly aware of the main purpose of the creative school for learning improvement in order to pursue students’ happiness. In addition, it is necessary to obtain administrative and financial support according to the current state of the individual schools.

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