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A study on omission of subject in Korean story retelling

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2012, 13(3), pp.59-77
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

곽미영 1 Kwon,Do-Ha 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to characterize omission of subject in Korean narrative and to investigate clause length and density between ages. The participants were 50 Korean children in 5;6~5;11, 6;6~6;11, 7;6~7;11, 8;6~8;11, 9;6~9;11 years. The children listened to ‘frog, where are you?’(Mayer, 1969), and were asked to recall the story. The samples were classified in clauses which includes omitted subject. As a result, rates of omission or presence of subject were similar within ages and between ages. There was no significant difference in the production expression of types of subjects, but ‘subject presence(not omitted)’ and ‘subject omission (be omitted)’ types were the most common. ‘Subject presence(replacement)’ type was not appear after 8 years. Appropriate and inappropriate rates of subject expression revealed significant difference between ages. Appropriate uses of subject were increased after late of 6 years. In analysis of Mean length of T-unit or C-unit(MLTR) and clause density were increased slowly, and clause length was significant difference with ages. We could suggest that the conclusion aided clinicians to analysis of syntax of Korean children.

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