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Analysis on function and frequency of activity and participation of students with physical disabilities

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2012, 13(4), pp.359-386
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Park Jae Kook 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Recently the problems of applying national special education curriculum and of planning IEP for students with physical disabilities have come to the fore as condition of their disabilities become severe and multiple. For this reason, this study conducted a survey on the actual state of the major education and support areas such as application of learning and knowledge, communication, self-help skill and frequency of participating in daily routine by employing questionnaire. Questionnaire was formed considering activity and participation domain of WHO’s ICF-CY(International classification of functioning, disability and health children & youth version) that was developed to evaluate major functions of students with disabilities and investigate appropriate supports as a conceptual framework. A total of 112 subjects who are special education teachers completed questionnaire. According to variables of students with physical disabilities, present function levels and relations on 4 areas were considered statistically. At the same time, validity of applying ICF-CY to IEP and issues on IEP and special education support system were discussed. The results which were as follows. First, the students with physical disabilities need the more diversified and systematic supports for basic learning functions in the area of the learning and applying knowledge. Second, the results is suggested that ICF-CY plays an important role of evaluating the communication skills. Third, ICF-CY is the useful tool for evaluating the self-care. Forth, in the result of evaluating FPQ, activities and participation level of the students with physical disabilities were very low, especially outdoor activities. Fifth, activities and participation level of the students with physical disabilities were diversified to the disabilities level. Sixth, three sub-element of the activities and participation in ICF-CY was high corelation to the frequency of the living participation level.

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