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The Effects of A Direct Instruction Han-Geul Reading Program on Word Reading and Reading Fluency of the Multicultural Students with Reading Difficulties

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2012, 13(4), pp.415-445
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

김수정 1 Daesik Lee 2 Kim Sooyoun 2

1부천상인초등학교
2경인교육대학교

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Direct Instruction Han-Geul Reading Program on word reading and reading fluency of the multicultural students with reading difficulties. The subjects of this study were three first graders of multicultural family in an elementary school who had not learn Han-Geul. The program was administrated for 16 sessions. The key elements of the program were explicit modeling by a teacher, scaffolding, enough practices with various and plenty examples, and systematic and intensive learning on letter-sound correspondence. As a result, the Direct Instruction Han-Geul Reading Program had positive effects on the improvement of word reading and reading fluency. Word reading ability has significantly and gradually improved as the result of the direct instruction based approach. The possible causes, the implications of the study, and the importance of a successful early reading intervention to mulicultural students were discussed.

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