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Needs of Teachers and Parents of Disability Experience and Integrated Camp Program to Improve the Disability Awareness of General Students

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2015, 16(2), pp.297-322
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Daeyoung Jung 1 송미진 2 이상로 3

1창원대학교
2경상남도특수교육원
3창원천광학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the needs of teachers and parents for disability experience and integrated camp programs geared toward improving the disability awareness of students without any disabilities. The subjects in this study were 1,640 teachers and parents in special and regular schools who were selected by systematic sampling and random sampling from South Gyeongsang Province. Among the teachers, the teachers who worked in regular schools were in charge of integrated classes. An online survey system was set up, and the answer sheets from 1,225 respondents were analyzed to find out their needs for the objects, time, period and content of disability experience and integrated camp programs. As a result, the largest group responded that the participants in the programs should be in their fifth and sixth grades of elementary school and in their first grade of middle and high schools, and the biggest group considered it advisable for the programs to be conducted during the semester and summer vacation. Concerning the period of the programs, one-day and overnight programs were preferred. As for the content of disability experience activities, all the respondents in the elementary and secondary schools chose a mock disability program. Specifically, the elementary special education teachers placed more importance on experiencing disabled people's sport activities, and the secondary special education teachers gave more weight to vocational rehabilitation programs. Regarding integrated camp, upper elementary school graders were regarded as the best participants, and this camp should be held during the semester and summer vacation. As to the period of the camp, one-day and overnight programs were considered appropriate. In relation to the content of the camp, all the respondents in the elementary and secondary schools attached the most importance to self(character)- improvement activities. Given the findings of the study, how to prepare and conduct disability awareness and integrated camp programs to change the way students with no disabilities look at disabilities were discussed.

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