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The Characteristics in Generative Naming of Korean-Chinese Bilingual Children

김민경 1 WHA-SOO KIM 1 Kim Sung Soo 2

1대구대학교
2동신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the characteristics of generative naming of Korean-Chinese bilingual children with the comparison to the Korean and Chinese monolingual. It tries : 1) to compare the total number of words, the number of clusters, the size of clusters, and the number of switches in the generative naming of semantic and phonetic, 2) to examine the correlation of the period of stay, reading time, chinese private lesson time in the generative naming of semantic and phonetic, and 3) to investigate lexical effect of four conditions(Korean-only, Chinese-only, Free-switch, Forced-switch)of bilingual children in the generative naming of semantic. Subjects who participated in this study were 15 Korean-Chinese bilinguals and 15 Chinese monolinguals living in China, 15 Korean monolinguals living in Korea in aged fully 11-years old. Bilingual children performed 4 conditions( ‘animals’ category in Korean-only, ‘things to buy in the market’ category in Chinese-only, ‘vegetables’ category in Free-switch, and ‘foods’ category in Forced-switch conditions) in the semantic categories, and /ᄀ/, /ᄉ/, /D/, /L/ in the phonetic. The following were the results of this experiment. First, In the semantic categories of generative naming, there was a significant difference in the number of clusters. Second, In the phonetic categories of generative naming, the total number of words and the number of clusters in chinese phonetic of /D/ were significantly different. Third, the correlation of the period of stay, reading time, Chinese private lesson compared with the semantic and phonetic total number of words. According to the results, there was a significant correlation in chinese private lesson and ‘things to buy in the market’ category in Chinese and then reading time and chinese phonetic of /D/. The fourth, In the generative naming of semantic, we examined lexical effect of four conditions of bilingual children. the result showed less the both-languages conditions than the Korean-only and Chinese-only conditions, and higher Forced-switch condition than Free-switch. This study is meaningful to suggesting standard data about generative naming ability for Korean-Chinese bilingual children.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.