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Effect of Child-centered Play Therapy on Changes in Play Theme Socioemotional Behaviors in a Visually Impaired Child

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2020, 21(2), pp.109-136
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2020.21.2.05
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : May 8, 2020
  • Accepted : June 9, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Kim, Hyun Jin 1 Ju-Young Woo 2

1해바람아동발달센터
2나사렛대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study was conducted to identify the effect of child-centered play therapy on play theme and socioemotional behaviors of a visually impaired child. [Method] Changes were examined by analyzing the repetitions, intensity, and context in the play therapy sessions with Ray (2011)’s 20 kinds of play theme classification systems, and the changes in socioemotional behaviors were examined by the Vineland Social Maturity Scale. [Results] First, repetition and intensity of the play themes were initially displayed as “dependence” and “protection,” which expressed the child’s psychological needs and conflicts. In the later stages, the child’s problem solving skills were observed through the themes of “mastery” and “resilience/elasticity.” Regarding context, the themes of “helplessness” and “dependency” changed to compromising type of dependency, and the process of healing inner wounds and accepting oneself were observed. Second, through play therapy, the child showed changes in socioemotional behaviors, although this was only seen when the child imitated the therapist’s emotional expressions or in her facial expressions. However, in the later sessions, the child started to show satisfaction and verbally expressed various emotions, and showed independence by voluntarily choosing the play. In addition, the child increased their socialization and self-help skills, and showed improvements in both her relationship skills and sense of independence. [Conclusion] The visually impaired child expressed her psychological conflicts through the child-centered play therapy, and themes such as mastery, healing and recovery were gradually seen, indicating the child’s psychological growth. Furthermore, improvement from helpless and dependent behaviors to voluntary and independent socioemotional behaviors was observed. This study is significant in that it showed that child-centered play therapy is effective at improving problem solving skills and psychological growth in visually impaired children and their social and emotional behavior.

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