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Reality of Special Education Research through the Lens of Special Education Theory and Disability Studies (in Education) Theory

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2020, 21(3), pp.95-123
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2020.21.3.05
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 7, 2020
  • Accepted : September 11, 2020
  • Published : September 30, 2020

KANG, JONG-GU 1 Jiyeon Kim 2

1대구대학교
2한국체육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study aimed to deal with special education through “special education” that focuses on the education of students with disabilities and “disability studies (in education)” that resist discrimination against disabilities and approach them in terms of diversity. [Method] This study analyzed the literature published in the last ten years (2010-2019) to explore the major characteristics and changes in special education and disability studies (in education). [Results] The main results are as follows. First, disability studies (in education) are more conducted than special education in the academic discussion of special education in South Korea. Second, only two or three studies are conducted in the area of special education each year, and the studies dealt with a disability in general, not a specific category of disability. Further, the researches mainly used a literature review as a research method. Third, researches in special education focused on a medical model that emphasizes segregation or education for disabled students. On the other, the researches in disability studies (in education) mainly discussed the social model but made the neruodivergent approach recently. [Conclusion] This study insisted that more academic approaches and studies dealing with various theories and subjects needed to be done in special education. Besides, the study argued that discussions on “disability studies (in education)” should be actively carried out, which focuses on the education of disabled students.

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