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A Study on the Relationship between Mothers’ Emotional Expressivity, Mothers’ Reactions to Negative Emotions, and the Emotional Expressivity of Young Children with Disabilities

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2022, 23(1), pp.289-311
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2022.23.1.11
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 9, 2022
  • Accepted : March 16, 2022
  • Published : March 31, 2022

Kim Ji Sook 1

1한국복지대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study examined the emotional expressivity of young children with disabilities, their mothers' emotional expressivity, their mothers' the perception of negative emotions, and mothers' reactions to their children's negative emotions. In addition, this study aimed investigate whether the emotional expressions and responses to negative emotions of mothers of disabled children's were related to the emotional expressions of their young disabled children. [Method] There were a total of 60 children, 30 pairs of mothers, and 3 to 6-year-old children with disabilities. The mothers’ emotional expressivity, perception of negative emotions, and reactions to their children's negative emotions were measured through the self-report questionnaire completed by the mothers, and the emotional expressivity of young children with disabilities was measured by the teacher. [Results] First, it was found that mothers of young children with disabilities used positive expressions more significantly than negative expressions, and there was no significant difference between positive and negative expressions of young children with disabilities. Second, in terms of negative emotions, mothers of young children with disabilities responded that they did not know much about negative emotions but they recognized that negative emotions were important, and they recognized negative emotions as emotions that their children naturally experience. Also, it was found that mothers of young children with disabilities use supportive responses to their children's negative emotions more significantly than non-supportive responses. Third, the negative emotional expression of mothers had a positive correlation with the positive emotional expression of young children with disabilities and had a negative correlation with negative emotional expression. Fourth, in the supportive responses of the mothers’ reactions to the children's negative emotions, the emotion-centered response and the emotional expression encouragement response were related to the positive and negative emotions of young children with disabilities. [Conclusion] It was partially confirmed that the emotional expressivity of mothers of young children with disabilities and the mothers’ reactions to the negative emotions of children are related to the emotions of young children with disabilities. Therefore, these results suggest that there is a need for parental education that can guide the use of suitable coping methods for dealing with children's negative emotions.

Citation status

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