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The ideational reclusion of the Chinese literati in the Ming-Qing dynasty and their space recognition

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2017, (43), pp.143-169
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2017..43.006
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2017

LEE, HYUN WOO 1

1경동대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the ideational reclusion in the city and its space recognition for Chinese literati. For ideational reclusion in the Ming-Qing dynasty, the Chinese literati needed space for residence in the city, which can be divided into the indoor and outdoor space. The outdoor space includes the garden while the indoor space includes the library and living room. In the garden within the city, they made rockery(假山) and planted trees to express a natural feeling. In addition, to focus the appreciator’s view point, they installed sashed windows(框窗) as well as ornamental perforated windows(漏窗) to convert the static nature to the dynamic nature. In the library, they displayed a variety of things including a viewing stone(奇石), and bonsai which are the reduced forms of nature, as well as an ink stone and landscape paintings. These things helped them feel nature without going out of the gate as they can feel artificial nature in the garden and library. This ideational reclusion in the city has developed the Chinese garden culture and living culture which have also affected people in other countries including Joseon dynasty.

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