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The Study on the Quasi-affix ‘客’

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2017, (45), pp.3-36
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2017..45.001
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : August 31, 2017

Heungsoo Park 1 CHE YUN JI 1

1한국외국어대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study is about analyzing the characteristics of quasi-affix ‘客’ and ‘X客’. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, we found that ‘客’ is grammaticalized with in meaning but refers to someone and the degree of grammaticalization is measured to be weak. So ‘客’ is quasi-affix closer to root. Second, When a quasi-affix ‘客’ composes a word, ‘客’ is located at the back of the word. It is confirmed that it has the structure of ‘X客’. Thus, ‘客’ can be defined as a quasi-suffix. Third, ‘客’ is a quasi-suffix which can make nounization and considered to have a high vocabulary productivity. ‘客’ is generally used as a word meaning ‘a person with certain characteristics’. In conclusion, most of the words derived from quasi-affix ‘客’ are derived from the development of modern science and technology, especially the Internet. It is assumed that the Internet technology will continue to evolve in the future, and the words expressing this phenomenon will gradually become more and more derived. Quasi-affix ‘客’ will have a rich vocabulary productivity and will continue to derive words. ‘X客’ could be a word that can express various phenomena utilizing the Internet.

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