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Comparative study on Child Right Policies in Europe

  • 한국청소년활동연구
  • Abbr : SKYA
  • 2022, 8(3), pp.47-72
  • DOI : 10.36697/skya.2022.8.3.47
  • Publisher : Korea Youth Activity Research Association
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Life Sciences > Child Study > Adolescence Science
  • Received : September 26, 2022
  • Accepted : September 30, 2022
  • Published : September 30, 2022

Park, Sun Young 1

1한국체육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Background: As Korea is facing to establish the 7th National Youth Policy Plan to be implemented from 2023, a national youth policy is needed to promote youth rights from long-term perspectives. This is because guaranteeing and promoting youth rights from the changes in life caused by the Fourth Industrial Revolution and COVID-19 is an important factor that must be considered to realize the basic ideology of the Youth Work Act in Korea. Purpose: The aims of this study are firstly to analyze the children's and youth rights policies of the European Union and the European Council and to derive implications for the agenda of the Korean rights policy. Methodology: The research method was a qualitative study, and literature analysis was conducted based on related literatures and documents. Findings: The analysis of the 2011 EU Agenda for the Rights of the Child, EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child, and the new Strategy for the Rights of the Child confirmed the willingness to actively protect children and young people from the risk factors of social change. For the first time, the European Union's child and youth rights agenda required a child and youth-friendly judicial system, and in the post-2020 policy, the role and responsibility of young people as members of society, and the policy to protect them from social threats and rights violations changed after COVID-19. Conclusions: Firstly in Korea, like the European Union, the recognition of the rights of young people and the level of policy on them should be treated as the top priority policy level reflected in all policies. Secondly, in order to promote rights, it is important to ensure policy diversity and substantiality with long-term perspectives. Lastly, what is needed more than anything else to promote children and young people’s rights is to recognize children and adolescents as important members and partners in society.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.