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The Recognition of Northern Dynasty Appeared in 『Jewangunki(帝王韻紀, the History of Emperor)』

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2011, (103), pp.43-74
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Lim Sang Sun 1

1동북아역사재단

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The result to examine the recognition of 『Jewangunki』 for the dynasties in the northern region that is connected to Balhae (渤海), Liao (遼), Jin (金) and Yuan (元), in the period from 10 to 13 century is as follows. 『Jewangunki』 incorporated Balhae in the system of Korean history the most actively among existing histories. Inter alia, it highly appreciated that Balhae obeyed to Goryeo(高麗) of their own accord by taking the nation, and as for the record of immigration of wandering people of Balhae to Goryeo in 925, 『Jewangunki』 is the primary historical records. The reason that Lee, Seung Hyu (李承休, 1224∼1300) included Balhae in the system of Korean history might have a certain relation with enhancing national consciousness including Tangun (檀君) under the domestic and international situations. Liao (遼) of the Kitan put emphasis on domination of dynasty in central districts (中原 王朝) with ten million mounted troops by that soldiers were powerful and the nation was wealth. Jin (金) of Jusen described more positively compared to Liao for which Goryeo is the land of forefathers and both countries were in the relationship of brotherhood. Yuan (元) established by Mongols watched it as the object of admiration and wonder for it was the prosperous nation like the sun and the moon. It is considered that the recognition of Lee, Seung Hyu like above was based on that Yuan was the world-wide empire that unified the region of central district and in the marriage relationship with royal family of Goryeo. Only, the description for Yuan was not particularly distinct from previous dynasties in the amount, rather that it is fewer is strange. In addition, the thing that there are parts that were different from the historic facts in 『Jewangunki』 etc, it seems that the research level for the Chinese history was not on a high level. 『Jewangunki』 arranged the Chinese dynasties in history in the point of view of authenticity. In spite of that new dynasty was derived, in a case that the period after foundation of country is short and returns to the previous dynasty, it was not authentic country. In a case that ascending the throne, it is called that ‘authenticity’ when unified the world by acceding to the proper line (正脈), and handled Liao as a side story (傍傳) unlike Wudai (五代, five dynasties) and excluded Namsong (南宋) for the authenticity of Northern region was passed down to Jin. The view of authenticity of Lee, Seung Hyu could be found its background in the relation with Yuan. The syntactic system of Korean history that begins to authentic theory of Chinese dynasties or Tangun appeared in 『Jewangunki』 had a great influence on historical presentation and discussion of authentic theory in the latter part of the Goryeo dynasty and Joseon(朝鮮) dynasty.

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