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Study on the Origins and Characteristics of Official Ranks in the early period of Goguryeo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (119), pp.35-67
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jo Yeong kwang 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This Study aims to determine the backgrounds and characteristics of official ranks in the early period of Goguryeo (高句麗). Gochuga (古鄒加) was the title given to the head of a small country in Proto-Goguryeo, which was before Jumong (朱蒙) founded Goguryeo. However, when the authority and power of the Goguryeo king continued to grow over time and it allowed the king to govern through a centralized system named nabu (那部), gochuga became a rank with feudal character limitedly given to royal family and representatives of the system. Paeja (沛者) was the rank given to the heads of each department of the system. Until 3rd Century, their social stature was independent. They even had private organization, but the number of them was gradually decreased and went out of existence because of the system centralized around the king. Utae (優台) and joui (早衣) were the ranks originally given to the tribal leaders known as daega (大加) and soga (小加) according to their powers. After 3rd Century, however, it came to mean the relationship between subordinates and superiors (the hierarchy) within the unified system. The name ‘utae’ was used as the hyeong-line ranks (兄系官等) in the middle period of Goguryeo. Daero (對盧) and jubu (主簿) were the ranks appeared and grown by an intimated link with the authority of the king. Jubu was gained acceptance through the commanderies of Han (漢四郡) and became the title of high-ranking officials under the direct command of the king. As a result of the gradual development of the system, the prestige and social stature of jubu were also raised and it divided into several ranks. Above all, daejubu (大主簿), the top-ranking official, was called as daero.

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