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Effect of a music-selection activity on children's happiness

  • 한국청소년활동연구
  • Abbr : SKYA
  • 2019, 5(2), pp.75-93
  • DOI : 10.36697/skya.2019.5.2.75
  • Publisher : Korea Youth Activity Research Association
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Life Sciences > Child Study > Adolescence Science
  • Received : May 7, 2019
  • Accepted : June 25, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Cha Young-A 1 nam sangin 1

1순천향대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

There has been progress in research on the ability of a music-selection activity to improve adolescent happiness through satisfying the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. However, prior studies related to this were conducted on adolescents past middle school age, and studies on children under 10 years old—an age where one’s identity is developed and one’s cognitive functions are formed— have been rare. To help fill this gap, we measured the effect that a music-selection activity had on the happiness of adolescents aged 9 to 10 years old on a 10-point scale (0: Not at all to 10: Very true). Specifically, 40 children (20 males and 20 females) were assigned to either an experimental group that performed a music-selection activity (20 subjects) or a control group that did not perform this activity (20 subjects). Then, we compared their happiness scores before and after the music-selection activity. The results showed that while the group that performed the music-selection activity exhibited increased happiness after the activity (M = 7.08, SD = .88) compared to before (M = 5.61, SD = .63), the group that did not perform it showed no difference in happiness before (M = 5.76, SD = .69) or after (M = 5.83, SD = .68) the activity. This research is significant in that it identified the ability of a music-selection activity to fulfill basic psychological needs by expanding the sample to include adolescents under 10 years old.

Citation status

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