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A Study on the Quality Assessment Criteria and Norms of Korean-English Patent Translation

Choi, Hyo-eun 1

1이화여자대학교

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ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore quality assessment criteria applicable to Korean-English patent translation, based on the characteristics and functions of patent translation as well as Chesterman’s (1997) expectancy and professional norms. For the purpose, the study reviewed patent-related literatures, guidelines from patent offices, and quality control processes adopted by patent translation service providers in Korea. As a result, it is suggested that quality assessment criteria for Korean-English patent translation be identified as accurate understanding of the technical idea communicated through the ST, accurate translation of technical terms, correct style required for patent translation including correct grammar and characteristics of the genre of patent translation, and strict literal translation, i.e. no addition or omission. The criteria are confirmed from the perspective of Chesterman’s (1997) expectancy norms set by ‘norm authorities’ of major patent offices as well as World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and professional norms by major Korean-English patent translation service providers. The results of in-depth interview also show professional Korean-English patent translators tend to be well aware of the expectancy norms and agree with those criteria. It is expected that the assessment criteria and the norms of Korean-English patent translation lay a foundation for improving quality of patent translation outcomes and, moreover, providing quality training programs.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.