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Issues of Translating Time Expressions in Free Trade Agreements: Focusing on Before and After

  • The Journal of Translation Studies
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2018, 19(3), pp.195-225
  • DOI : 10.15749/jts.2018.19.3.008
  • Publisher : The Korean Association for Translation Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Interpretation and Translation Studies
  • Received : August 1, 2018
  • Accepted : September 5, 2018
  • Published : September 30, 2018

Yoo, Jeong Ju 1

1한동대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the Korean translations of time expressions using ‘before’ and ‘after’ in Korea-US FTA and Korea-EU FTA. ‘Before’ and ‘after’ phrases are commonly used when drafting international law provisions about time which represents a period of time of which the beginning or the end, or the both, are certain. However, these words often cause ambiguity in construing the inclusion of the specified date when translated into Korean. Under Anglo-American legal systems, ‘before’ and ‘after’ are construed so as to exclude the specified date, so their translations should also ensure such construction to achieve the same legal effect as the English FTAs. The Korean translations of these ‘before’ and ‘after’ phrases often use ‘~이전’, ‘~이후’, ‘~부터’, which are construed to include the date specified under Korean law. The Korean versions of these FTAs are authoritative translations with the same legal validity as the original English versions; which must achieve “harmonization” to ensure internal consistency of terminology and expressions within a given text, as well as “concordance” to ensure consistency between the authentic versions. The findings of this study show that the Korean translations of ‘before’ and ‘after’ phrases in Korea-US FTA and Korea-EU FTA neither achieve consistency within the Korean versions, nor consistency with the English versions, thus failing to achieve the harmonization and concordance required for the authentic translation.

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